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Resolver Configuration Page

In the System Explorer window configuration tree, expand the Power Electronics Add-On custom device and select Circuit Model >> PMSM BLDC >> Resolver to display this page.  Use this page to configure the Resolver sensor model.


This page includes the following components:

Resolver
NameSpecifies the name of the resolver.
DescriptionSpecifies a description for the resolver.
Angle Conditioning

SymbolUnitsDefaultDescription
Number of Pole Pairspp
1

A gain applied to the mechanical angle of the machine, θm, before it is translated to an electrical resolver signal.  Modify this parameter if the resolver is attached to a gear box rather than connected directly to the rotor. To generate resolver signals whose speed corresponds to the mechanical speed of the machine, set this value to 1.

See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.

Angle OffsetθOffsetDegrees0°Offset from the mechanical angle of the machine, θm
Speed Sign

Clockwise

Select one of the following options:

  • Clockwise - The resolver outputs a positive speed when the machine rotates clockwise.
  • Counter Clockwise - The resolver outputs a positive speed when the machine rotates counter clockwise.
Gain Configuration

SymbolUnitsDefaultDescription
Sine.Sine GainSin.Sin
1Sine gain applied to the Sine output signal. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.
Sine.Cos GainSin.Cos
0Cosine gain applied to the Sine output signal. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.
Cos.Sin GainCos.Sin
0Sine gain applied to the Cosine output signal. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.
Cos.Cos GainCos.Cos
1Cosine gain applied to the Cosine Output signals. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.
Excitation Conditioning

SymbolUnitsDefaultDescription
Carrier Sampling TimeTsSeconds1E-6The period at which the Excitation Carrier signal is sampled to determine the Sine and Cosine outputs.
Carrier Phase DelayTpdSeconds0Creates a phase delay in the output Sine and Cosine signals.  This is used to simulate a physical delay in non-ideal resolvers.
Carrier Measurement


Selects the Analog Input channel to use as the carrier.
Internal Carrier (Optional)

SymbolUnitsDefaultDescription
Initial Carrier AngleθinitDegrees0°Angle of the resolver upon initialization.
Excitation FrequencyfexHz10000Sets the frequency of the internal excitation carrier
Enable Internal Carrier

FalseEnables the resolver model to use an internal excitation signal rather than an external signal from an Analog Input channel.
Force Initial Angle

FalseForces the Initial Carrier Angle parameter to be used during initialization.
Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels

False

Allows certain Resolver parameters to be exposed as tunable VeriStand Channels. See the Advanced Channels section below for more details.

Resolver Channels

This section includes the following custom device channels:

Channel Name

Symbol

Type

Units

Default Value

Description

SineSinOutput
0Sine signal generated by the resolver. When combined with Cosine, can be used to determine the machine's position.
CosineCosOutput
0Cosine signal generated by the resolver. When combined with Sine, can be used to determine the machine's position.
Carrier
Output
0

The Excitation signal used to calculate Sine and Cosine outputs as defined in equations (1) and (2).

AngleθresolveOutputDegrees0

The angle the resolver is "resolving," defined as 

If this signal is routed to a Waveform Channel or an Analog Output Channel, its value is expressed in Turns.  The signal ranges in value from 0 to 1, with 1 representing a full rotation.

Advanced Resolver Channels

The following VeriStand channels are displayed under the Advanced section when the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels option is enabled on the Resolver configuration page. The value of an input channel can be modified dynamically at execution time.

Channel Name

Symbol

Type

Units

Default Value

Description

Angle Offset

θOffsetInputDegrees0° (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value describes the offset from the mechanical angle of the machine, θm.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Carrier Phase Delay

TpdInputSeconds0s (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value creates a phase delay in the output Sine and Cosine signals.  This is used to simulate a physical delay in non-ideal resolvers.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Cosine Cosine Gain

Cos.CosInput
1 (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value applies a Cosine Gain to the Cosine Output signals. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Cosine Sine GainCos.SineInput
0 (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value applies a Sine Gain to the Cosine Output signals. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Number of Pole PairsppInput
1 (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value applies a gain to the mechanical angle of the machine, θm, before it is translated to an electrical resolver signal.  Modify this parameter if the resolver is attached to a gear box rather than connected directly to the rotor. To generate resolver signals whose speed corresponds to the mechanical speed of the machine, set this value to 1.

See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Sine Cosine GainSin.CosInput
0 (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value applies a Cosine Gain to the Sine Output signals. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Sine Sine GainSin.SinInput
1 (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value applies a Sine Gain to the Sine Output signals. This value must be a number between 0 and 1. See the Resolver Model Equations for more information.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Speed Sign
Input
Clockwise (value defined in the Resolver Configuration page)

When the Enable Resolver Parameters as Channels checkbox is checked, this value determines the speed sign based on the rotation of the resolver as follows:

  • Clockwise - The resolver outputs a positive speed when the machine rotates clockwise.
  • Counter Clockwise - The resolver outputs a positive speed when the machine rotates counter clockwise.

This value can be modified while the simulation is running.

Resolver Model Description

A resolver is a sensor that provides feedback about the angular position and velocity of a rotating component, such as the rotor of an electrical motor. 


Figure 1.  An example of a operating resolver where a sinusoidal excitation signal is input into the resolver and the result is two output signals, Sine Output and Cosine Output

During operation, a sinusoidal excitation signal is provided to the resolver.  The resolver modulates the input excitation signal to produce two outputs representing sin(x) and cos(x), where x is the angle of the rotor.  From the sin(x) and cos(x) signals controllers are reconstituted to calculate angular position of the machine.

Figure 2.  Sine and Cosine signals generated by a resolver with an input Excitation sinusoidal signal.


Resolver Model Equations

The resolver model outputs are calculated using the following sets of equations:

(1)
(2)


Where Sin.Sin, Sin.Cos, Cos.Sin, and Cos.Cos represent gains that are applied to simulate a non-ideal resolver.  To simulate an ideal resolver, set the Sin.Sin and Cos.Cos gains to 1, set the Sin.Cos and Cos.Sin gains to 0, set the pp to 1, and set the θOffset to 0.  This results in the following equations:

(3)
(4)

Depending on the selected Hardware Configuration, some resolvers allow for their excitation to come from an external source and/or some excitation signals can come from a simulated circuit.  Typical excitation signals are sinusoidal and greater than 1 kHz frequency.

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